Carbon Cathode Block
|Carbon Cathode Block|
|Overall Cartel Period||1996-1997|
|Participants||Anchor Industrial Products Inc.; Nippon Electrode Company Ltd.; VAW Carbon GmbH|
|Total Fines (DOJ)||$2 million|
|Total Fines (EC)||No fines imposed|
In 2001 and 2002, three manufacturers pled guilty to U.S. Department of Justice (“DOJ”) charges of conspiring with others to suppress and eliminate competition in the carbon cathode block industry. In 2004, the Canadian Competition Bureau also imposed fines on two of the three manufacturers in the DOJ case. Carbon cathode block is commonly used in aluminum smelters or pots in the production of primary aluminum in the United States and elsewhere because of its superior conductivity properties. The United States and Canada are the world’s second and third largest producers of primary aluminum. The enforcement agencies discovered that between 1996 and 1997 the manufacturers had engaged in a price-fixing conspiracy in contravention of competition laws.
- The DOJ investigation resulted in $2 million in fines.
|Company||Conspiracy Period||Fine (USD)||Plea Date||No. of Excluded Individuals||Plea Agreement|
|VAW Carbon GmbH||2/96-12/97||$1 million||05/10/2002||2||
|Nippon Electrode Company Ltd.||2/96-12/97||$500,000||05/08/2002||2||
|Anchor Industrial Products Inc.||2/96-12/97||$600,000||04/04/2001||N/A||
|VAW Carbon GMBH||$ 500,000||09/22/2004|
|Nippon Electrode Company Ltd.||$ 230,000||11/09/2004|